Starting off with updates on the two and three-wheeler inventory and baseline study being carried out, Clean Air Asia Transport Specialist Joemier Pontawe said data from the Land Transportation Office (LTO) showed that of the 5 million vehicles registered in 2002, two and three-wheelers accounted for 43 percent, rising to 60 percent of the total 10 million motor vehicles registered in 2017.
“This reveals a surge in two and three-wheelers within a decade, and it is important to note we only have information on gasoline-powered two and three-wheelers and none yet on electric units that have entered the market,”
For all the recent hand-wringing in the United States over Facebook’s monopolistic power, the mega-platform’s grip on the Philippines is something else entirely. Thanks to a social media–hungry populace and heavy subsidies that keep Facebook free to use on mobile phones, Facebook has completely saturated the country. And because using other data, like accessing a news website via a mobile web browser, is precious and expensive, for most Filipinos the only way online is through Facebook. The platform is a leading provider of news and information, and it was a key engine behind the wave of populist anger that carried Duterte all the way to the presidency.
If you want to know what happens to a country that has opened itself entirely to Facebook, look to the Philippines. What happened there — what continues to happen there — is both an origin story for the weaponization of social media and a peek at its dystopian future. It’s a society where, increasingly, the truth no longer matters, propaganda is ubiquitous, and lives are wrecked and people die as a result — half a world away from the Silicon Valley engineers who’d promised to connect their world.
In July, residents of a rural Indian town saw rumors of child kidnappers on WhatsApp. Then they beat five strangers to death.
There are human consequences to Facebook’s growth-at-all-costs approach in the developing world. In Myanmar, hate speech spread on the company’s Messenger app amplified calls for the genocide of Rohingya Muslims. In the Philippines, President Rodrigo Duterte stoked anger and fear on Facebook in service of a brutal drug war. In Brazil, anti-vaccination groups spread misinformation on WhatsApp about yellow fever vaccinations, contributing to a measured uptick of the disease. And in India, villagers — many experiencing the internet for the first time — have whipped themselves into frenzies after viewing viral, forwarded videos from unknown sources warning of child abductors.
Mobile internet use in the Philippines is growing rapidly, but so are associated digital inequalities. I've just published a new research report with my colleague Kevin Hernandez based on our study in the Philippines, which suggests that far from creating equality of access to information, the use of mobile and internet technologies is creating new class divisions in technology access and new forms of digital inequality. In the report we emphasise the need to add 'analogue complements' to our digital development initiatives in order to ensure that they don't unintentionally exacerbate existing social inequalities.
China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Japan and Taiwan are among the many countries fighting for fishing rights in the South and East China Seas-but at the rate fish stock is being killed by pollution and over-fishing, there won't be much left for the victors anyway.