2018/02/06: By imbuing the UBI debate with a more systems-oriented and commons perspective, I have argued that an important shift is made from income and work as such to deeper interrelated questions of 1.) rights, capabilities and effective access; 2.) forms of deliberation, governance, entrepreneurship, collective care and accounting; 3.) forms and scales of pooling resources and work, and; 4.) forms and scales of equitable distribution and sustainable and resilient provisioning of universal basic commons entitlements. The perspective illuminates the contingent relationship between the contextual and subjective ‘political viability‘ of the UBI, and the scopes and salience of articulated (critical, open-source, open-ended) alternative institutional possibilities; and the prospects of a polity that exploits a dialectical relationship between interim or hybrid institutional models on the one hand, and radical experimentation with other socio-economic configurations, emergent city-making/place-making cultures and political possibilities in the here-and-now on the other.
2018/08/24: While there is a huge potential for remanufacturing, currently it is estimated that remanufactured products account for a mere 2% of total manufacturing output in Europe.
Ultimately the scaling of the circular economy practices will require enhanced social awareness and a regulatory environment that supports the economic viability of the circular economy business models.
Digitalisation is also expected to support the transition to a circular economy. Big data, for example, can improve traceability of materials, and in turn has the potential to manage the whole life cycle of a product.