2018/12/17: Open data in Ukraine is also beginning to be recognised for its potential economic value. Research by Kyiv School of Economics estimates that open data contributes between $746 and $903m to the Ukrainian economy currently and can increase to $1.4b or 0.84% of GDP by 2025. Realising the maximum economic value of open data to Ukraine’s economy will require sustained investment and high level political support.
2018/02/06: By imbuing the UBI debate with a more systems-oriented and commons perspective, I have argued that an important shift is made from income and work as such to deeper interrelated questions of 1.) rights, capabilities and effective access; 2.) forms of deliberation, governance, entrepreneurship, collective care and accounting; 3.) forms and scales of pooling resources and work, and; 4.) forms and scales of equitable distribution and sustainable and resilient provisioning of universal basic commons entitlements. The perspective illuminates the contingent relationship between the contextual and subjective ‘political viability‘ of the UBI, and the scopes and salience of articulated (critical, open-source, open-ended) alternative institutional possibilities; and the prospects of a polity that exploits a dialectical relationship between interim or hybrid institutional models on the one hand, and radical experimentation with other socio-economic configurations, emergent city-making/place-making cultures and political possibilities in the here-and-now on the other.
2018/11/02: A new free website spearheaded by the Library Innovation Lab at the Harvard Law School makes available nearly 6.5 million state and federal cases dating from the 1600s to earlier this year, in an initiative that could alter and inform the future availability of similar areas of public-sector big data.
Led by the Lab, which was founded in 2010 as an arena for experimentation and exploration into expanding the role of libraries in the online era, the Caselaw Access Project went live Oct. 29 after five years of discussions, planning and digitization of roughly 100,000 pages per day over two years.
The effort was inspired by the Google Books Project; the Free Law Project, a California 501(c)(3) that provides free, public online access to primary legal sources, including so-called “slip opinions,” or early but nearly final versions of legal opinions; and the Legal Information Institute, a nonprofit service of Cornell University that provides free online access to key legal materials.
The conversion, done in-house at the Harvard Law School Library to preserve the chain of custody of millions of cases it had collected, used a hydraulic cutter to trim the binding from thousands of volumes; and a machine similar to those employed in the meatpacking industry to vacuum-seal them after scanning. Scanning costs were in the millions of dollars. Scanned, resealed volumes were shipped out-of-state for long-term storage underground at a former limestone mine in Louisville, Ky. Pages were subsequently uploaded to an optical character recognition (OCR) vendor for extraction into text files.
The project, which was funded by venture capital-backed startup Ravel Law and the Harvard Law School, doesn’t aggregate every court battle. Its legal trove primarily focuses on supreme court and appellate decisions, but is limited, the Lab’s director said, by the extent to which bygone officials “cared enough at the time” to compile decisions. Director Adam Ziegler said the project has a high concentration of federal trial opinions and lots of trial opinions from the state of New York, an early legal center, but fewer from some other states.
In standing up the project website, Ziegler said the Lab hopes to provide “anyone and everyone” with easy access to the law via court opinions, but noted that concept will have different meanings to different groups and “definitely means things we don’t even envision ourselves.”
2018/09/19: Nine out of ten people live in places where outdoor air pollution exceeds guidelines set by the World Health Organization (WHO). Hotspots are congested urban areas in low- and middle-income countries such as India, Nigeria and China. In some megacities — Mexico City, for example — authorities have begun to adopt cleaner vehicle standards. But fine particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide from vehicular traffic, energy production, industry and heating remain a serious public-health risk in most built-up areas.
Even many cities in wealthy Europe fail to meet the WHO standards.
as air-quality concerns continue to grow, the forum must liaise more with city leaders and health specialists to make sure they get the tools and data they need.
The results of this environmental science should be shared with countries worldwide. The situation is bad in rich countries: the WHO says that about half of city dwellers in developed nations are exposed to air that does not meet its guidelines. In cities of more than 100,000 people in the developing world, that figure rises to include almost everybody (97%). India alone has nine of the world’s ten most-polluted cities. Air is a shared resource. Research and tools to make it safe to breathe should be shared as well.
2014/11/14: As the world seeks cleaner power, solar energy capacity has increased sixfold in the past five years. Yet manufacturing all those solar panels, a Tuesday report shows, can have environmental downsides.
Ben Santarris, strategic affairs director for SolarWorld, said his company has made efforts to recycle panels, but the volume isn't there yet. "We have product that's still performing to standard from 1978, so we don't have a big stream," he said. "It is a problem, because on one hand there is an interest in getting ahead of a swelling stream of returning panels. On the other hand, there's not a big market for it right now."
Recycling is particularly important because of the materials used to make panels, said Dustin Mulvaney, an assistant professor of environmental studies at San José State University who serves as a scientific adviser to SVTC. "It would be difficult to find a PV module that does not use at least one rare or precious metal," he said, "because they all have at least silver, tellurium, or indium."
Because recycling is limited, Mulvaney said, those recoverable metals could go to waste: "Companies that are reporting on a quarterly basis, surviving on razor-thin margins—they're not thinking 20, 30 years down the road, where the scarcity issue might actually enter the conversation."
Based on the existing literature and case studies, we have developed a Periodic Table of Open Data Elements detailing the enabling conditions and disabling factors that often determine the impact of open data initiatives. Although the importance of local variation and context is, of course, paramount, current research and practice shows that the elements included in five central issue categories — Problem and Demand Definition, Capacity and Culture, Partnerships, Risks, Governance — are likely to either enable or disrupt the success of open data projects when replicated across countries.
2018/09/21: La lotta alla burocrazia è uno dei temi centrali dell’esecutivo Conte. Si dovrebbero però evitare gli errori degli ultimi governi. E utilizzare quegli strumenti già presenti nell’ordinamento che possono permettere di realizzare interventi sistematici.
2018/09/18: Kosovo is currently facing severe economic challenges. It is one of the poorest countries in Europe, and its unemployment rate has reached as high as 30%. Studies show that up to 57.7% of young people are unable to find a job. (In an extreme case, some 300 Kosovars went overseas to join ISIS.) According to a 2016 survey, up to half of Kosovars wish to ‘go westward’ and emigrate to countries in Western Europe.
From this backdrop spawned Open Data Kosovo, a civic technology organization which believes that the push for reform must continue after independence for a ‘good country’ to truly be born. “People are expected to follow the new constitution, but they don’t criticize what [this new country] lacks,” said Blerta Thaci, CEO of Open Data Kosovo. “In consequence, changing the status quo is but our own duty.”
2018/09/14: Con New York abbiamo un laboratorio congiunto di innovazione civica e urbana. Con Berlino lavoriamo sulle politiche abitative e su come regolare le piattaforme della sharing economy, con Parigi sui Fab Labs e l’economia circolare, con Amsterdam abbiamo forti affinità e progetti congiunti come DECODE. In Italia collaboriamo con Milano, Roma e Torino sulle politiche dei dati, sulle piattaforme digitali per la partecipazione democratica e sul software libero. Le altre città vedono Barcellona come modello di una politica innovativa e allo stesso tempo democratica. Abbiamo lavorato anche con il team digitale del governo inglese, che già da alcuni anni ha realizzato una digitalizzazione di successo, e quello estone, che è stato il primo a creare un’identità pubblica digitale. E nel contesto europeo coordino una rete di Chief Innovation Officers (CIOs) che si scambiano policy e soluzioni concrete per valorizzare le opportunità e ridurre i rischi del digitale. È fondamentale sperimentare e replicare strategie e progetti, partendo dalle città come laboratorio del futuro digitale che vogliamo, più inclusivo e democratico.
2018/09/11: access to semiautomatic rifles significantly increased the deadliness of mass shootings, nearly doubling the average number of fatalities and increasing nonfatal injuries by a wide margin.
semiautomatic rifles boost fatalities by 94% and injuries by 81% on average.
The researchers lamented that they could not learn more from these shootings given the limitations of the FBI data.
a national centralized database i needed to inform the debate on an assault weapons ban.
2018/07/10: Widely accepted numbers on how much of the world's population lives in cities are incorrect, with major implications for development aid and the provision of public services for billions of people, researchers say.
2018/09/13: Kyrgyzstan is the latest country to join OpenOwnership’s pilot program. Through this program, OpenOwnership will support the government of Kyrgyzstan in collecting and publishing high quality, open access beneficial ownership data for applicants and holders of oil, gas and mining licenses. The resulting data will be automatically available on the OpenOwnership Register, and linked to other beneficial ownership data from around the world.
2018/sep/13: Never underestimate the power of one determined person. What Carole Cadwalladr has done to Facebook and big data, and Edward Snowden has done to the state security complex, the young Kazakhstani scientist Alexandra Elbakyan has done with Sci-Hub to the multibillion-dollar industry that traps knowledge behind paywalls.
Last week, a consortium of European funders, including major research agencies in the UK, France, the Netherlands and Italy, published their “Plan S”. It insists that, from 2020, research we have already paid for through our taxes will no longer be locked up. Any researcher receiving money from these funders must publish her or his work only in open-access journals.
The publishers have gone ballistic. Springer Nature argues that this plan potentially undermines the whole research publishing system. Yes, that’s the point.
2018/09/12: Quello che è emerso è che esiste un ristretto numero di soggetti, circa l’1% a livello nazionale, riconducibili ad aziende e che gestiscono più di dieci alloggi. Nel Salento la percentuale sale all’1,3%». Il punto, aggiunge, «è che a loro fa riferimento il 19,8% di tutti gli appartamenti disponibili» nel Sud della Puglia.
Si tratterebbe insomma di agenzie che non possiedono gli alloggi, ma si limitano a gestirli.
questo non viola le condizioni d’uso. Anzi
Non c’è infine il rischio che questo 1,3% di host che gestisce il 19,8% degli alloggi salentini possa condizionare al ribasso i prezzi?
No, è un numero troppo alto per immaginare fantomatici cartelli». Tanto più che, dovendo coprire anche i loro costi aziendali, quegli operatori non avrebbero margini per offrire prezzi più bassi rispetto a chi invece mette in affitto l’appartamento ereditato dalla nonna
Socioeconomic Effects of Public Sector Information on Digital Networks: Toward a Better Understanding of Different Access and Reuse Policies: Workshop Summary
2010/05/02: In the wealthy, northern suburbs of this city, where summer temperatures often hit the high 90s, just 324 residents checked the box on their tax returns admitting that they owned pools.
So tax investigators studied satellite photos of the area — a sprawling collection of expensive villas tucked behind tall gates — and came back with a decidedly different number: 16,974 pools.