In 1944, during the height of the Second World War, Roosevelt was given a memorandum by Henry Morgenthau, the Secretary of State, stating Morgenthau’s proposal on how to treat the inevitably defeated Germany. The first half of the plan, regarding territorial divisions, appeared rather less harsh than what ended up happening: Germany was to lose East Prussia, the Saar region, half of Silesia and was to be divided into three parts.
Morgenthau, in order to remove what he saw as the ‘problem of Europe’, demanded the complete destruction of Germany as a state. The entire nation was to be completely stripped of all industrial output: any industrial plant or facility, no matter how small, was to be dismantled or scrapped, mines were to be dismantled and wrecked. People with technical knowledge were to be ‘encouraged’ to migrate as far as possible.
Morgenthau had proposed that the entire country be reduced to a Medieval condition. Roosevelt enthusiastically backed the idea.
For two long years, Germany starved under the rebranded Morgenthau Plan and the Allies dismantled most traces of heavy industry from Germany.
General Lucius Dubignon Clay said: There is no choice between being a communist on 1,500 calories a day and a believer in democracy on a thousand.
For two years, Lucius Clay and his backers fought against JCS 1067. Their efforts were finally rewarded on 10 July 1947, with the repealing of JCS 1067 and its replacement by JCS 1779, focused on European economic recovery. On the same day the ‘Morgenthau Boys’ collectively resigned.
The horror of the Morgenthau Plan and its thirty million dead, supported to varying degrees by Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, Churchill and many others, and halted by the efforts of Lucius Clay, George Marshall, Cordell Hull, Henry Stimson, Anthony Eden, Lewis Douglas, Lewis H. Brown, Mackenzie King, Herbert Hoover and many other forgotten heroes, was finally no more.
"When he announced another US$60-billion in financing for Africa last month, Chinese President Xi Jinping promised that the money had “no political strings attached.”
But a series of recent incidents, including cases of media censorship and heavy-handed academic controls, have cast doubt on that promise. China’s financial muscle is rapidly translating into political muscle across the continent.
At a major South African newspaper chain where Chinese investors now hold an equity stake, a columnist lost his job after he questioned China’s treatment of its Muslim minority.
In Zambia, heavily dependent on Chinese loans, a prominent Kenyan scholar was prevented from entering the country to deliver a speech critical of China. In Namibia, a Chinese diplomat publicly advised the country’s President to use pro-China wording in a coming speech. And a scholar at a South African university was told that he would not receive a visa to enter China until his classroom lectures contain more praise for Beijing."
The US dollar is highly important in today's economy for three main reasons: the huge amount of petrodollars, the use of the dollar as the world's reserve currency, and the decision taken by US President Nixon in 1971 to end the dollar convertibility into gold.
The insatiable demand of the global building boom has unleashed an illegal market in sand. Gangs are now stealing pristine beaches to order and paradise islands are being dredged and sold to the construction industry. Neil Tweedie investigates a hidden disaster
2018/05/08: The president withdrew from the Iran nuclear deal because of spite, ignorance, or both.
Two new books on China, "Everything Under the Heavens" and "Destined for War," urge us to be ready for a radically different world order.
Da oltre 70 anni i Paesi francofoni africani usano il franco CFA, moneta imposta a suo tempo dagli ex colonizzatori. Sulla base di alcune regole applicate al cambio e alle operazioni finanziarie tale moneta avvantaggia l'economia francese - commerci e multinazionali - più che quelle africane. Una delle regole è che il 50% delle riserve di cambio dei Paesi della zona franco devono essere depositate su un conto della Banca di Francia, a Parigi, conto che si stima ammontare a 10 miliardi di euro. A nulla finora sono valse proteste e critiche. L'attivismo anti-CFA è soprattutto quello di economisti e intellettuali africani, mentre la maggior parte dei capi di Stato rimane in bilico su posizioni di comodo.
Highlighting the U.S.'s long history in meddling in other countries' elections is not "whataboutism," but rather a highly germane point to understanding the context for the allegations of Russian meddling in Election 2016, Caitlin Johnstone observes. By Caitlin Johnstone There is still no
Here is the text of the letter sent by Lord Adonis to PM Theresa May: "Dear Prime Minister, The hardest thing in politics is to bring about lasting change for the better, and I believe in co-operation across parties to achieve it.
India is looking forward to exploring some of Israel's offshore gas fields soon. Analysts suggested that by including oil in its relationship with Israel, India is giving a strong message to Iran that has held up the allocation of two gas fields discovered by oil companies.
Asian news hub covering geo-political news and current affairs across Asia
A key geopolitical axis is swiftly shifting...
Forget the "official narrative" that Qatar was isolated due to its support of terrorism.
Non è una "gaffe": la rivelazione di quella precisa informazione riservata può avere conseguenze profonde, non solo sugli Stati Uniti
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Exactly three years after the mysterious disappearance of Malaysia Airlines MH370 on March 7 2014 (17:19 UTC time), the international whistleblowing site WikiLeaks dropped a bombshell on how the US Central Intelligence Agency could weaponize just about every "smart device" on the planet.
Trump is the front-man for the most extreme Repubs. The damage will be done with tax cuts, a new war, and repeal of banking regs.
I would love to share, my liberal friend, in your sense of incredulity about the election of Donald Trump to the presidency of United States. I would love to stand with you in the sense of woundedness that, while certainly painful up front, carries with it the secondary compensation of a warm and nurturing solidarity. I would love to sit with you and fulminate in righteous anger about the unparalleled vulgarity and cruelty of Trump and his followers. - By Thomas S. Harrington