2017/11/22: All of us believe that our social and political attitudes are based on good reasons and reflect our important values. But we also need to recognize how much they can be influenced subconsciously by our most basic, powerful motivations for safety and survival. Politicians on both sides of the aisle know this already and attempt to manipulate our votes and party allegiances by appealing to these potent feelings of fear and of safety.
Instead of allowing our strings to be pulled so easily by others, we can become more conscious of what drives us and work harder to base our opinions on factual knowledge about the issues, including information from outside our media echo chambers. Yes, our views can harden given the right environment, but our work shows that they are actually easier to change than we might think.
2018/11/20: Our analysis is based on a large corpus of news stories posted on Twitter. Operationally, rather than focusing on individual stories that have been debunked by fact-checkers, we consider low-credibility content, i.e., content from low-credibility sources. Such sources are websites that have been identified by reputable third-party news and fact-checking organizations as routinely publishing various types of low-credibility information. There are two reasons for this approach. First, these sources have processes for the publication of disinformation: they mimic news media outlets without adhering to the professional standards of journalistic integrity. Second, fact-checking millions of individual articles is unfeasible. As a result, this approach is widely adopted in the literature
durante l'approvazione della legge finanziaria compare e viene approvato l'emendamento 1087 che accredita 3 milioni di euro alla IsiameD per la promozione di un nuovo modello digitale italiano: quanto basta per scatenare un putiferio attorno ad una vicenda che ha più di un lato oscuro.
La spiegazione del teorema di Quintarelli giunse infine dall’on. Esposito: “Una marchetta necessaria ad avere i voti per approvare la manovra”. Insomma: in tempo di margini stretti per poter approvare una manovra finanziaria, per ottenere il benestare di una maggioranza occorre seminare piccoli favori a minoranze il cui peso specifico aumenta all’avvicinarsi della fine dell’anno. Una “marchetta” sarebbe quindi il modo scelto per avvicinare i favori dei cosiddetti Verdiniani, passando per un istituto che, prima della manovra finanziaria, nessuno aveva mai portato agli onori delle cronache in tema di innovazione e digitale.
Il problema di IsiameD è nel fatto che, dopo Italia.it e VeryBello, il mondo del digitale in Italia abbia un nervo scoperto che è meglio non solleticare. Troppi milioni sono andati in fumo e troppo pochi progetti sono andati a buon fine: quando un emendamento torna a versare 3 milioni all’interno di un nome dai troppi lati oscuri, ecco che una certa sensibilità viene a galla. E per i beneficiari del denaro il tutto si trasforma in un boomerang combattuto a colpi di tweet e di segnalazioni di verifica.
The Westminster building located at 55 Tufton Street is home to a small but influential network of right wing think tanks including the UK climate denial group, the Global Warming Policy Foundation.
The building itself is owned by Richard Smith, a businessman who owns HR Smith Group, a company that works on advanced aerospace technologies. The building was bought in 2009 by Specmat, one of Smith’s technology manufacturing companies. While he keeps a low profile, Smith is perhaps best known for flying former Prime Minister David Cameron to his home in Shobdon, Herefordshire, in 2007. Smith is associated with several of the organisations at 55 Tufton Street and also donated money to the Vote Leave campaign (once located at the same Tufton Street address).
The building is home to several groups which spread misinformation about climate science and work to reduce protections for the environment.
2018/10/05: When white respondents perceived the share of non-white residents in the nation and in their cities to be higher, they tended to feel that they themselves were being discriminated against more. While the actual size of the non-white population in their neighborhood also went hand in hand with this attitude, that association was less strong.
Having diverse neighbors move in seems to have two effects on white Americans. It can affirm that their overestimation of the extent of demographic change happening in the country is correct, and therefore increase the threat they perceive. Or, by giving them opportunities to interact with people who don’t look like them, it can mitigate some of their fears.
2018/09/24: Snippets are being edited to improve/damage reputation or send certain signals to different audiences.
While the changes in the Bipartisan Report panel illustrate the possible use of the Wikipedia snippets to either damage or salvage the reputation of a publisher, there are other changes that are puzzling in their nature. Here is one, concerning the magazine American Renaissance, a white supremacist publication.
Figure 5: Knowledge Panels for American Renaissance on Jan and Sep 2018. The change of the text snippets makes one wonder which audiences are being targeted.
Both text snippets shown in Figure 5 acknowledge that American Renaissance is a white supremacist publication, but the provenance of the categorization differs. In January, the snippet lists third-party, well-known organizations as sources for the “white supremacist” label, however, in the September snippet, we read that the publisher self-describes as a “white-advocacy organization”. This shift of perspective (who does the labeling?) needs to be a matter of debate. Should these information panels tell us what the organizations think about themselves (how is this different from “About Us” pages which literacy experts suggest to avoid) or how other (especially watchdog) organizations regard them?
I don’t know how we can solve these issues without increasing the burden on Wikipedia editors. However, I think it’s important to raise awareness about these issues, so that we continue to actively address them. Furthermore, Google and Facebook need to better acknowledge the limitations of their initiatives and increase their support for Wikipedia and other knowledge production organizations.
Health misinformation in Nigeria varies from “cruel hoaxes” such as drinking saltwater to cure Ebola, to general misperceptions about causes of disease, mode of transmission and available treatment.
There are also ungrounded concerns about the safety of medical interventions. Classic examples include false beliefs about contraceptives and vaccinations.
Nigerians have "generally poor health-seeking behaviour" as a a result of poverty, religion and a poorly functioning health system. Social media makes the situation worse by spreading false health rumours.
a list of over one hundred Guardian articles to give you an idea of just how dedicated the paper has been in spreading these spurious charges of antisemitism.
2018/09/11: access to semiautomatic rifles significantly increased the deadliness of mass shootings, nearly doubling the average number of fatalities and increasing nonfatal injuries by a wide margin.
semiautomatic rifles boost fatalities by 94% and injuries by 81% on average.
The researchers lamented that they could not learn more from these shootings given the limitations of the FBI data.
a national centralized database i needed to inform the debate on an assault weapons ban.
2018/09/16: While on the EU27 side, the expected process and outcome of this first phase of negotiations is clear, politics in the UK is in turmoil and the domestic debate is moving further and further away from a realistic assessment of what the EU is likely to accept. In particular, there are a number of myths or misconceptions that will be debunked in the coming months:
In July, residents of a rural Indian town saw rumors of child kidnappers on WhatsApp. Then they beat five strangers to death.
There are human consequences to Facebook’s growth-at-all-costs approach in the developing world. In Myanmar, hate speech spread on the company’s Messenger app amplified calls for the genocide of Rohingya Muslims. In the Philippines, President Rodrigo Duterte stoked anger and fear on Facebook in service of a brutal drug war. In Brazil, anti-vaccination groups spread misinformation on WhatsApp about yellow fever vaccinations, contributing to a measured uptick of the disease. And in India, villagers — many experiencing the internet for the first time — have whipped themselves into frenzies after viewing viral, forwarded videos from unknown sources warning of child abductors.
Come ogni estate arrivano le nuove statistiche sull'adozione degli OGM nel mondo raccolte dall'ISAAA e, per reazione, puntuali come il mio raffreddore allergico stagionale, gli immancabili comunicati stampa di chi vede gli OGM come il diavolo in persona, conditi dagli altrettanto immancabili "sondaggi" di Coldiretti. Sono sempre gli stessi: "8 Italiani su 10 " sia [...]
I've read 90-page government reports on my way to a wedding. I've hacked through academic analyses of the EU when I really should have been promoting my Virtual Reality game. I've treated myself to a
For those of us who believe in science,you simply cannot ignore what the scientific community is saying almost unanimously."
194169 2018 Anchorage Daily News. All rights reserved.
As is often the case, there's a nuanced story with multiple morals here - one that most news outlets have, for whatever reasons, failed to tell.