In 1944, during the height of the Second World War, Roosevelt was given a memorandum by Henry Morgenthau, the Secretary of State, stating Morgenthau’s proposal on how to treat the inevitably defeated Germany. The first half of the plan, regarding territorial divisions, appeared rather less harsh than what ended up happening: Germany was to lose East Prussia, the Saar region, half of Silesia and was to be divided into three parts.
Morgenthau, in order to remove what he saw as the ‘problem of Europe’, demanded the complete destruction of Germany as a state. The entire nation was to be completely stripped of all industrial output: any industrial plant or facility, no matter how small, was to be dismantled or scrapped, mines were to be dismantled and wrecked. People with technical knowledge were to be ‘encouraged’ to migrate as far as possible.
Morgenthau had proposed that the entire country be reduced to a Medieval condition. Roosevelt enthusiastically backed the idea.
For two long years, Germany starved under the rebranded Morgenthau Plan and the Allies dismantled most traces of heavy industry from Germany.
General Lucius Dubignon Clay said: There is no choice between being a communist on 1,500 calories a day and a believer in democracy on a thousand.
For two years, Lucius Clay and his backers fought against JCS 1067. Their efforts were finally rewarded on 10 July 1947, with the repealing of JCS 1067 and its replacement by JCS 1779, focused on European economic recovery. On the same day the ‘Morgenthau Boys’ collectively resigned.
The horror of the Morgenthau Plan and its thirty million dead, supported to varying degrees by Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, Churchill and many others, and halted by the efforts of Lucius Clay, George Marshall, Cordell Hull, Henry Stimson, Anthony Eden, Lewis Douglas, Lewis H. Brown, Mackenzie King, Herbert Hoover and many other forgotten heroes, was finally no more.
The art is to make it look as though it's not collapsing, but instead to have a reasonable-looking set of reasons to delay any progress and to spend that time watering down what Brexit means.
So Brexit it is. As we move forward in trying to figure out what Britain will look like under this new reality, I want to share a few thoughts with my many friends who supported the Leave campaign
The modern & interactive discussion forum for agriculture.
The US dollar is highly important in today's economy for three main reasons: the huge amount of petrodollars, the use of the dollar as the world's reserve currency, and the decision taken by US President Nixon in 1971 to end the dollar convertibility into gold.
Here is the text of the letter sent by Lord Adonis to PM Theresa May: "Dear Prime Minister, The hardest thing in politics is to bring about lasting change for the better, and I believe in co-operation across parties to achieve it.
Asian news hub covering geo-political news and current affairs across Asia
Michael Hudson in a preface to the 2017 German edition of the 1972 classic Super-Imperialism. Hudson reflects on the will of the US to bend major institutions to its favor.
The paper, published this month, is the first to break down the embodied emissions from household consumption across the EU.
A demographic analysis by Pew Research Center explores the world's biggest religious groups, and finds that the number of Christians in Europe is falling.
Two years ago Yanis Varoufakis led Greece's failed attempt to negotiate with the EU. He explains how the Brussels establishment will do everything to frustrate and outmanoeuvre the British prime minister, using tactics ranging from truth reversal to 'the Penelope ruse'
If the prime minister thinks she she can retain the best bits of the European Union without any of the obligations, she really is living in another galaxy
Europe's population stands at 740 million, so housing an additional 1 million refugees is possible without major social impact - and it's been done before
The Problem of The Demos and Why I Want Us To Fuck This Brexit Thing Right Off
After 17 years in the making, the Gotthard Base Tunnel opens to train traffic today.
The collapse of the Soviet Union allowed the US to become the sole hegemon with the capability of influencing global affairs. In the last 25 years Washington has taken considerable efforts to shape global politics through a wide range of political, economic and military tools.
The Hanseatic League was a loose confederation of European cities stretching from the 14th to 17th centuries. As national unions fracture over the spoils of globalisation, will we see the resurgence of city-state alliances?