Evaluating the impact of ICTs in terms of capabilities thus reveals no direct relationship between improved access to, and use of, ICTs and enhanced well-being; ICTs lead to improvements in people’s lives only when informational capabilities are transformed into expanded human and social capabilities in the economic, political, social, organizational, and cultural dimensions of their lives. The study concludes that intermediaries are bound to play a central, even fundamental, role in this process. They help poor communities to enact and appropriate ICTs to their local socio-cultural context so that their use becomes meaningful for people’s daily lives, enhances their informational capabilities, and ultimately improves their human and social capabilities.
Free and fair elections require an informed, active body of citizens debating the electoral issues of the day and scrutinising the positions of candidates. Participation at each and every stage of an electoral campaign - not just on the day of the vote - is necessary for a healthy democracy.rnrnThose online have access to an increasingly sophisticated set of tools to do just this: to learn about candidates, to participate in political discussions, to shape debate and raise issues that matter to them. Or even, run for office themselves.rnrnWhat does this mean for those citizens who don't have access to the internet? Do online debates capture their needs, concerns and interests? Are the priorities of those not connected represented on the political stage?rnThe Mexican election: a story of digital inequalityrnrnMar195173a de Jes195186s "Marichuy" Patricio Martinez was selected as an independent candidate in Mexico's recent July 1 elections general election - the first indigenous woman to run for president. But digital barriers doomed her candidacy.rnrnIndependent presidential candidates in Mexico are required to collect 866,000 signatures using a mandatory mobile app that only runs on relatively new smartphones. This means that to collect the required endorsements, a candidate and their supporters all need a modern smartphone - which typically costs around three times the minimum monthly salary - plus electricity and mobile data. These are resources many people in indigenous communities simply don't have. While the electoral authorities exempted some municipalities from this process, it did not cover the mostly poor and indigenous areas that Marichuy wanted to represent. She was unable to gather the signatures needed.rnOffline and disconnectedrnrnIn Mexico, as in many countries, increased internet use has led to a growing number of political and electoral activities taking place online - a shift that offers new opportunities for broadening involvement and activating the electorate. In the country's July elections, the National Electoral Authority (INE) used its website, videos and social networks to encourage people to vote and to inform citizens about key electoral issues.rnrnBut just as Marichuy discovered, digital technology can only expand opportunities so far as people are connected and have the resources they need to engage. With only 64% of Mexico's population online, over a third of the country is shut out of the increasingly influential digital square. And those without internet access are disproportionately poor, female, indigenous and living in rural areas - people whose interests the institutions of government systematically fail to address, and who candidates should be paying particular attention to.rnrnMexico's digital divide is stark, with some entire communities without access. There are people living in indigenous communities who, to get online, must travel up to 40 kilometers to reach an area with connectivity. This is a huge burden that only a minority of people in these communities can afford according to research from the Heinrich Boll Foundation.rnrnIn a country as large and centralised as Mexico, ensuring broad based participation is critical. But as political parties shift from traditional campaigning to a digital-led model they are increasingly shifting their attention towards those citizens that are online, leaving those offline with fewer opportunities to inform themselves about candidates, their positions, and the issues on the table. These voices are being lost.
2014/12/03: for now, the country lives with a yawning digital — and cultural — divide that has left behind not only large swaths of Italians, but also Italy itself from much of the rest of Europe and the United States. Italy has one of the lowest rates of ultrabroadband connection per household in Europe — half as many as, say, neighboring Switzerland. Only 10 percent of Italy’s primary schools have a broadband connection.
Introducing ultrafast broadband would “sensibly increase” the country’s gross domestic product, the government says, and it could also slow or reverse the migration to cities that has depopulated villages like this one.
“A speedy Internet connection makes all the difference in the world when you are in the final seconds of an eBay auction,” said Eldio Ginevro, 76, a former mayor and passionate collector of over 270 postcards of Verrua Savoia sent to him from all over the world.
Mobile internet use in the Philippines is growing rapidly, but so are associated digital inequalities. I've just published a new research report with my colleague Kevin Hernandez based on our study in the Philippines, which suggests that far from creating equality of access to information, the use of mobile and internet technologies is creating new class divisions in technology access and new forms of digital inequality. In the report we emphasise the need to add 'analogue complements' to our digital development initiatives in order to ensure that they don't unintentionally exacerbate existing social inequalities.
The continent's glaring tech gap is growing.
This open internet debate isn't the first time the government has wrestled with the question of how to apportion rights between private media owners and the public.
Economic growth and social inclusion, critical issues for many countries, will be promoted by bringing the four-plus billion non-Internet users around the world online. The common view of this digital divide is that it separates the Internet "haves" from the "have-nots"; dividing those who are online from those who would like to get online, but
What's every incumbent ISP's worst nightmare? If we had to guess, it looks something like the filing that Google just made with the Federal Communications Commission.
BI Prime: There has been only negative ratings growth on broadcast and cable TV since September 2011, according to Citi Research.
Digital publishing is rapidly becoming a haven for struggling writers-but it turns out the format might hold similar potential for struggling readers too.
Digital literacy is imperative for America's economic future and possessing these skills is absolutely essential for accessing the jobs and education.
On Thursday, Pew released a report called
(This is a guest post from Adrienne Alix of Wikimedia France. You can read the original Afripedia post here and you can read the French version of this post here.)
Cheap smartphones and tablets have put Web-ready technology into more hands than ever. But the price of Internet connectivity hasn't come down nearly as quickly. In some communities, students congregate at McDonald's and other businesses offering free Wi-Fi.
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Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, has just released a selection of results from its survey on ICT use for 2012.
Remember when Anonymous threatened to destroy the entire internet? We laughed, and ultimately their words were just hacker hubris. But it got us thinking-could someone actually destroy the Internet?
Opera lives on in Belarus. Not the musical drama, but the world's fifth most popular web browser.
Affordability of broadband and encouraging its use by people with low incomes is a major issue for the National Broadband
Education's digital divide more about bandwidth than computer hardware