mfioretti: big agriculture*

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  1. Ti sei mai chiesto quali tipologie e quante tipologie di traffico illegale sostieni con la tua alimentazione?
    In che modo riesci a non essere un peso per l’ecosistema e per gli altri tuoi simili, alimentandoti?

    Spero tu non abbia mai addentato una fettina di carne, perché esiste un vero e proprio sfruttamento dei lavoratori anche nell’industria dello smontaggio animale.
    Pensa, nel 2013 si parlò di operai pagati 3 euro l’ora, una paga quasi inferiore a quella percepita dagli operatori dei call center. Con la differenza che nei call center non c’è puzza di budella né ci si sporca di sangue.
    Spero tu non abbia mai digerito un chilo di carne, perché in quel momento hai privato ai tuoi simili ben 15 kg di cereali e 15000 litri di acqua potabile. Sempre riferendomi alla carne, spero non sia fra i tuoi consumi anche per motivi ambientali: secondo la Fao(Food and Agricolture Organization of the United Nation) l’allevamento determina una quantità di emissioni di gas serra (18%) più alta dei trasporti (13%). Altri studi invece stimano che considerando tutto il ciclo dell’allevamento l’impatto possa addirittura superare il 50% del totale.

    Mi auguro tu non abbia mai gustato una tartina coi gamberetti: mangiandola avresti sentito il retrogusto di schiavitù minorile, della tratta di umani costretti a lavorare sui barconi o di persone buttate in mare e ammazzate se osano ribellarsi. Gamberetti che finiscono poi dritti nei mangimi impiegati negli allevamenti di animali nei paesi ricchi.
    Hai mai mangiato animali allevati che a loro volta hanno mangiato questi mangimi?

    Avrai sicuramente evitato come eviteresti un vegano a cena l’acquisto di un qualsiasi tipo di alimento o bene di consumo proveniente da multinazionali che incatenano esseri umani e devastano l’ambiente. Giusto? Oppure no?

    Se rifletti bene, tu, ma anche gli altri che come te hanno in qualche modo provato soddisfazione nel credere veritiere le cose che hai scritto, in questa gara a chi è meno etico non hai alcuna vittoria contro quelli che tu definisci “adepti”.

    La verità è che è troppo facile vedere gli errori altrui dimenticandosi dei propri.
    Fino a poco prima dell’impennata che ha avuto l’alimentazione vegan eravate tutti impegnati a fare altro. Magicamente, adesso che esistono milioni di persone a cui importa seriamente qualcosa, vi sentite minacciati.
    Ed essendo molto più semplice criticare quell’ipotetico “poco” fanno gli altri anziché muoversi e dimostrare di saper fare di meglio, state li a criticare.
    Perché agire, anziché parlare, fa fatica.
    https://carmenluciano.com/2017/09/20/...in-risposta-allarticolo-di-the-vision
    Voting 0
  2. nessuno degli allevamenti visitati allevava le vacche al pascolo. Una situazione che conferma quanto aveva già riportato nel suo ultimo libro, Dead Zone, il direttore internazionale di CIWF, Philip Lymbery, con una intervista ai due Consorzi.

    Oltre mezzo milione di vacche fanno parte della filiera dei due grandi formaggi. Tanti animali e per questo un potenziale di tanta sofferenza, se tenute a pascolo zero.

    Nella nostra investigazione, gli animali stavano come stanno le vacche stanno negli allevamenti intensivi: con corpi ossuti si trascinavano a fatica nei corridoi delle stalle e nelle cuccette. I pavimenti delle stalle, di cemento, erano ricoperti di feci e urina; alcune vacche presentavano ferite alle zampe.

    La nostra campagna per portare le vacche del Parmigiano e del Grana Padano al pascolo, lanciata in 7 paesi europei, ha avuto una visibilità incredibile. In pochi giorni ha raggiunto 39 paesi, un pubblico di 200 milioni di persone, con decine di migliaia di cittadini che dicevano #notonmypasta e sottoscrivevano il nostro appello ai Consorzi: dare alle loro vacche almeno cento giorni di pascolo all’anno.
    https://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2017...ano-e-grana-padano-al-pascolo/4011873
    Voting 0
  3. Average land use area needed to produce one unit of protein by food type, measured in metres squared (m²) per gram of protein over a crop's annual cycle or theaverage animal's lifetime. Average values are based on a meta-analysis of studies across 742 agricultural systems and over 90 unique foods.
    https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/la...-use-per-gram-of-protein-by-food-type
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  4. Similarly, nutrient pollution in the Mississippi River Basin creates a massive dead zone every year in the Gulf of Mexico, suffocating aquatic life and impacting commercial and recreational fishing. Reducing the dead zone will require cutting this pollution — which predominantly comes from agriculture — to about half of its historical baseline. Despite decades of effort by farmers and conservationists, annual nutrient loads remain stubbornly high.

    Given these challenges, it is good news that the world’s appetite in 2050 may not be as voracious as some estimates have indicated.
    http://grist.org/article/do-we-really...e-food-production-by-2050-actually-no
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  5. You probably don’t cook with it at home, but the odds are good that you’re eating carrageenan. Made from seaweed, carrageenan is used as a thickener, stabilizer, and emulsifying agent to keep the ingredients in many soft, creamy, and liquid products from separating. (Think: nondairy milks, salad dressing, ice cream, cottage cheese, sour cream, chocolate milk, etc.). Food manufacturers also say it helps increase shelf-life.

    Now, after years of debate about the health risks associated with the additive, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will soon decide whether to continue allowing carrageenan in organic food. In fact, it will be a hot topic when the agency’s National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) meets in St. Louis later this month.

    Not surprisingly, the companies that make and use carrageenan say it’s safe. But many food safety advocates say the science on carrageenan’s potential to cause gastrointestinal inflammation and other adverse heath effects raises serious concerns.
    http://civileats.com/2016/11/08/carrageenan-is-everywhere-is-it-safe
    Voting 0
  6. Agriculture policy since then has followed these recommendations, slowly dismantling support programs that had made midsize family farms viable, including effective supply management through price floors, a crop reserve, and conservation incentives. Instead, Richard Nixon’s Secretary of Agriculture Earl Butz famously directed farmers to plant “fencerow to fencerow,” flooding the market with grain and driving down prices. If farmers couldn’t survive the price drops, Butz encouraged them to “get big or get out.” And so they did: the number of farms dropped from nearly 4.8 million in 1954 to 2.1 million by 1990.

    The policies enacted in the 1950s and ’60s came to a head in the ’80s, when the weakened farm support system combined with inflation, a bad export market, and collapsed land and commodity prices in what became known as “the farm crisis.”

    Over a quarter of a million farms were lost in the 1980s, the land was sold to larger operations, families were forced to move, and lifelong farmers were pushed into new jobs (or lack thereof). At least a million people were displaced from their homes and livelihoods in just 10 years—in many cases from land their families had farmed for generations. As the farmers left, so did the Main Streets and manufacturing businesses that had relied on them. Whole towns died off in the course of a decade.

    Throughout the crisis, rural America felt abandoned. Communities were going through catastrophic loss and the rest of the country didn’t seem to care. Many foreclosures were purposefully accelerated by the government lending agency that held their loans, and some were done illegally and without normal due process procedures—at the behest of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) officials.

    President Reagan made deep cuts in price supports and rural development programs, and joked that he had found a solution to the farm crisis

    For its part, today’s mostly urban-based food movement has been examining what passes for agriculture and rural policy in the Presidential platforms and putting forth a platform of its own. The movement has changed the national conversation about food, but it “barely exists as a political force in Washington,” as Michael Pollan recently observed, and it’s not a strong cultural force in rural America, where corporate agriculture groups have painted good food advocates as “out-of-touch city elites.”

    Feeding into the stereotype is the food movement’s relative silence on the larger implications of farm policy that rural America lives with everyday—from the festering rage that threatens to destabilize the country to the extraordinary economic inefficiencies of today’s system. Remember those dismantled supply management programs? A University of Tennessee/National Farmers Union study found that if just one of those—a farmer-owned crop reserve—had still been in place from 1998 to 2010, rather than the subsidy system cobbled together to patch the holes it left behind, taxpayers would have saved almost $96 billion, while giving farmers higher and more stable prices and keeping food prices more stable for consumers. But neither candidates nor most advocates are talking about anything of the kind.

    With our national character and that kind of money at stake, perhaps it’s time to take another look at what’s been happening in rural America and the very real policy decisions that led to its decline. Agriculture policy is bigger than food; it has consequences for the health and stability of the nation. And failing to address the policy solutions that could make real changes in the lives of many desperate rural Americans will likely continue to make them feel ignored and forgotten enough to seek answers in a demagogue.
    http://civileats.com/2016/10/27/want-...derstand-trumps-rise-head-to-the-farm
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  7. John Deere also uses field sensors that can measure the exact amount of pressure with which a seed is pressed into the ground to determine how many seeds are planted in a particular field. In order to support it, John Deere uses its own cloud-based operations center that can coordinate the data and display it on a tablet.

    From a development perspective, Zink said that John Deere experiments with new products but makes the “minimum viable product,” leaving room for error but also for products that will take off. The idea of creating a spiderweb of services that branch off one another is particularly appropriate to IoT because of the focus on connectivity and because the company can receive up-to-date feedback about how its users are utilizing the product.

    John Deere also uses IoT and mobile platforms – especially iPad apps – to piggyback on either existing technologies and allow the company to develop IoT systems for its users’ particular needs.
    http://www.manufacturing.net/news/201...-bringing-iot-farm#.V0Y2xKsyda4.email
    Tags: , , , by M. Fioretti (2016-06-06)
    Voting 0
  8. For the most part, planting has been done based on simply knowing the field. Information is passed down through generations. One field is more productive than another and everybody just knows that. Farmers that really want the details of the ins-and-outs of their soil can hire someone to come in and sample their soil, but it’s an expensive undertaking. “A lot of farmers don’t do it. A lot of farmers will say their ground is the same from one end of the field to another,” says Stacey Pellett, a customer and channel experience manager at John Deere.

    But the reality is, soil is much more complex than history leads us to believe. The chemical makeup of a field can change in less than a foot. And getting the data is only half the battle. Once you know how a field differs from foot to foot, you have to have the equipment that can understand these differences and implement change. In the last five years, a new way of planting has popped up that uses high-tech mapping, organization, and planting. Called precision farming, it’s an enormous leap forward technologically from the age-old paper maps.
    http://modernfarmer.com/2014/03/betting-big-precision-ag
    Voting 0
  9. A third of all food produced is wasted. 842 million people are starving. We have lost 75% of our biodiversity. In the US there are 8 times more antibiotics sold for industrial farming than to hospitals. Cancers and other health issues are booming. There are less and less nutrients in food. Climate change threatens the future of our planet. There are 400 dead zones in the ocean, with no marine life left. Food packagings contribute to that 7th continent made of waste, in the middle of the ocean. 370 000 farmers commit suicide every year using pesticides. … So one must ask the question: isn’t the food system broken?
    http://magazine.ouishare.net/2015/11/...communities-the-third-food-revolution
    Voting 0
  10. Environmental regulators in the US have proposed the creation of pesticide-free zones on a temporary basis to protect commercial honeybees, which continue to suffer from alarming mass die-offs.

    The US Environmental Protection Agency's proposed restrictions would apply to 76 different active ingredients in pesticides, including a widely-used class known as neonicotinoids, already subject to a moratorium on new permits for use.

    — Little Me Tea (@LittleMeTea) May 9, 2015

    The US agricultural industry is highly dependent on a healthy population of honey bees to pollinate roughly a quarter of the crops produced in the nation.

    The pesticide bans would be temporary, and apply when certain plants are in bloom and managed hives of bees have been contracted to pollinate crops. Beekeepers regularly travel around the country with their bee colonies to assist in the pollination of agricultural crops.
    http://sputniknews.com/environment/20...ntent=pTX&utm_campaign=URL_shortening
    Voting 0

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