mfioretti: airbnb* + sharing*

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  1. Chiamato a palliare le conseguenze di un sistema in crisi, il modello sembra invece favorire le stesse logiche speculative che hanno trasformato la città postindustriale, dietro le accattivanti suggestioni della Creative e della Smart City, in un generatore di rendite. La Sharing City di Airbnb non fa altro che spingere, dietro la retorica comunitaria, verso un’ulteriore deregolamentazione del mercato immobiliare in un momento storico dove la questione abitativa è tornata di drammatica attualità. Una proposta nella migliore tradizione neoliberista che, se da un lato consente effettivamente di ampliare il numero di attori all’interno del mercato turistico, dall’altro beneficia soprattutto i soliti noti: il settore immobiliare e il capitale finanziario internazionale. Ciò a discapito di chi non può o semplicemente non vuole entrare nella community ma è tenuto a confrontarsi con l’iniqua concorrenza del mercato turistico, rendendo così ancor più netta la geografia della diseguaglianza socio-economica della città. Insomma, l’idea di un modello win-win dove tutti hanno da guadagnarci, del “welfare gestito dall’iniziativa privata”, non convince anche perché ad esserne escluse sarebbero proprio le fasce più bisognose, quelle che una o più rendite da far fruttare non hanno. Se l’intenzione rimane quella di ridistribuire la ricchezza prodotta dal turismo e gestirne le esternalità, allora la fiscalizzazione e la pianificazione delle attività turistiche diventano il vero strumento in mano alla comunità. Bisogna pensarci bene, una volta accolto e legittimato il modello Airbnb, non si torna più indietro.
    http://www.lavoroculturale.org/airbnb-o-il-comunitarismo-neoliberista
    Voting 0
  2. Succede speso che su Airbnb non si affittino interi appartamenti, ma camere all’interno di case abitate. Dimostrare, in tal caso, che la destinazione della casa è commerciale sarebbe impossibile, o quasi. E’ lo stesso principio attuato a New York, dove Airbnb potrà continuare ad esistere solo nel caso in cui proprietario ed inquilino condividano lo stesso tetto. Se nella Grande Mela la limitazione si esaurisce per i contratti superiori ai 30 giorni, a patto di sottoscrivere un normale contratto d’affitto, a Berlino il limite è invece fissato a due mesi.

    “Cercano un capro espiatorio per il problema del caro degli affitti” è il pensiero dell’amministratore delegato di Wimdu, Arne Bleckwenn. Probabile, certo è che dopo il recente divieto di Uber, la app che permette di mettersi in contatto direttamente con autisti privati evitando i taxi, Berlino mette un altro stop davanti ad una tipologia di offerta di servizi che, sfruttando il digitale, rende ogni privato cittadino un possibile-piccolo imprenditore.
    http://www.wired.it/attualita/2014/05...urce=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer
    Voting 0
  3. In almost every case, what compels people to open up their homes and cars to complete strangers is money, not trust.

    To understand why the sharing economy is thriving now, it's worth taking a look at how many full-time jobs have been replaced by part-time jobs since the recession of 2008:
    http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/...ing-economy-is-about-desperation.html
    Voting 0
  4. Just how big the sharing economy could grow remains uncertain, but there is some research on its market potential. In a Masters research project, more than 84% of the Dutch respondents expressed interest in participating in collaborative consumption of some sort. While current uptake in Australia falls well short of these levels, new collaborative consumption startups are appearing on a regular basis and participation is growing.

    Recent legal responses to the disruptive emergence of the sharing economy may indicate that it is indeed seen as a threat to the establishment. In New York, Airbnb is caught up in an investigation into possible breaches of a 2010 law that makes it illegal to rent out your own apartment in the city. New York City’s Attorney General filed a subpoena for data on all Airbnb hosts in the city. Ride sharing startups in the United States have also run into legal trouble in several cities.
    http://theconversation.com/the-sharin...onversationedu+%28The+Conversation%29
    Voting 0
  5. As part of my ongoing coverage of the Collaborative Economy (read all the posts) it’s important we explore all facets of this disruptive trend to corporations not just upsides, but the downsides. I also see that marketplace friction is a sign of disruption as power changes hands, which should make the seasoned web strategist want to look closer.

    If you’re from the sharing movement and are offended by this post, first, read my opposite of this post is the three drivers of the Collaborative Economy where we’ve documented over a dozen specific attributes that are driving this movement While the recently published report on the Collaborative Economy lists out the key challenges continues to get traction, let’s focus in on a deeper level on what’s counter-acting this market and look at both sides, objectively.

    Index of Challenges: The Dark Side to the Collaborative Economy
    http://www.web-strategist.com/blog/20...ark-side-to-the-collaborative-economy
    Voting 0
  6. The resolution, which legally is more of a goal than a guarantee from attendees of The U.S. Conference of Mayors, acknowledges that the sharing economy serves a purpose, and says cities should encourage such behavior. More specifically, it states that the 15 co-sponsoring US mayors involved will focus on:

    creating local task forces to review and address regulations that may hinder participants in the Sharing Economy and proposing revisions that ensure public protection as well; and
    playing an active role in making appropriate publicly owned assets available for maximum utilization by the general public through proven sharing mechanisms.

    Resolution No. 87 is certainly the best news Airbnb’s heard since being legalized in Amsterdam…

    Again, this doesn’t mean it’s clear seas from now on for every sharing economy startup, but it’s a milestone of a blessing compared to what’s happened lately.
    http://thenextweb.com/us/2013/06/24/m...r&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=daily
    Voting 0
  7. as the sharing economy reaches a critical mass, some observers are starting to see a potential shadow side emerging. The informal, good-vibes nature of the participatory economy can run afoul of regulations designed to ensure safety and fairness, both for those who provide goods and services and those who use them. In New York City, an Airbnb host was fined $2,400 for violating city hotel laws, and ride-hailing apps Uber and Hailo have faced injunctions by cab drivers for unfair competition in several cities, raising the question of just who benefits from sharing—and who doesn't.

    "I admit, the sharing economy is mind-blowing and its potential to transform commerce is amazing," writes attorney Janelle Orsi, the director of the Sustainable Economies Law Center in Berkeley, California, and a foremost expert on the emerging law of the sharing economy, in her book "At the same, the lawyer in me hears all this and thinks: Oh, boy. . . . ” Here are just a few of the issues raised by the sharing economy:
    http://www.fastcompany.com/3013272/do...he-sharing-economy-have-a-shadow-side
    Voting 0

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