Our results provide the first evidence that inhaled pollution particles can move from the lungs into the circulation and then to the placenta.
We do not know whether the particles we found could also move across into the foetus, but our evidence suggests that this is indeed possible.
The evidence suggests that an increased risk of low birthweight can happen even at levels of pollution that are lower than the European Union recommended annual limit.
This new research suggests a possible mechanism of how babies are affected by pollution while being theoretically protected in the womb.
We need stricter policies for cleaner air to reduce the impact of pollution on health worldwide because we are already seeing a new population of young adults with health issues.
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