mfioretti: serbia*

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  1. for us, changes like this can be disastrous. Attracting viewers to a story relies, above all, on making the process as simple as possible. Even one extra click can make a world of difference. This is an existential threat, not only to my organization and others like it but also to the ability of citizens in all of the countries subject to Facebook’s experimentation to discover the truth about their societies and their leaders.

    Serbia is a perfect example of why the political context of Facebook’s experimentation matters. Serbia escaped the dictatorship of Slobodan Milosevic in 2000, but it hasn’t developed into a fully functioning democracy. One party, led by President Aleksandar Vucic, controls not only the Parliament but also the whole political system. Our country has no tradition of checks and balances. Mr. Vucic now presents himself as progressive and pro-European, but as minister of information in the Milosevic government, he was responsible for censoring news coverage.
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    Today, censorship in Serbia takes a softer form. Pliant outlets loyal to the government receive preferential treatment and better funding from local and central budgets. Those that stray out of line find themselves receiving unexpected visits from the tax inspectors.

    This isn’t an easy place to be an independent journalist. Since 2015, my investigative nonprofit, KRIK, has covered stories the mainstream media won’t touch. In return, we have been spied on and threatened, and have had lurid fabrications about our private lives splashed on the front page of national tabloids.

    Last year, KRIK published an investigation showing that when he was a young surgeon, Zlatibor Loncar, who is now minister of health, had been contracted by a gang to kill one of its enemies, according to court testimony by protected witnesses. You’d think the story of a future minister administering poison through an IV would make a splash — but the mainstream outlets ignored it.

    Going to KRIK’s website is the only way Serbian citizens could learn the truth about that story and many others like it. And until last month, most of our readers went to our site via Facebook.

    Facebook allowed us to bypass mainstream channels and bring our stories to hundreds of thousands of readers. But now, even as the social network claims to be cracking down on “fake news,” it is on the verge of ruining us.

    That’s why Mark Zuckerberg’s arbitrary experiments are so dangerous. The major TV channels, mainstream newspapers and organized-crime-run outlets will have no trouble buying Facebook ads or finding other ways to reach their audiences. It’s small, alternative organizations like mine that will suffer.

    We journalists bear some responsibility for this, too. Using Facebook to reach our readers has always been convenient, so we invested time and effort in building our presence there, helping it become the monster it is today.

    But what’s done is done — a private company, accountable to no one, has taken over the world’s media ecosystem. It is now responsible for what happens there. By picking small countries with shaky democratic institutions to be experimental subjects, it is showing a cynical lack of concern for how its decisions affect the most vulnerable.
    https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/15/op...ion/serbia-facebook-explore-feed.html
    Voting 0
  2. Paghe ai limiti del salario minimo legale, ma ben al di sotto di un salario dignitoso che dovrebbe essere di quattro o cinque volte superiore per permettere a una famiglia di provvedere almeno ai bisogni primari. Il che significherebbe in Ucraina uno stipendio da almeno 438 euro. Salari dunque al di sotto delle rispettive soglie di povertà e dei livelli di sussistenza. Paghe letteralmente da fame, come testimoniano le 110 interviste a operai e operaie. «A volte semplicemente non abbiamo niente da mangiare», racconta una lavoratrice ucraina. «I nostri salari bastano appena per pagare le bollette elettriche, dell'acqua e dei riscaldamenti», conferma un'altra donna ungherese.

    Lavoratrice tessile ucraina

    Lavoratrice tessile ucraina

    Non basta. Molti degli intervistati hanno raccontato di condizioni di lavoro pericolose: esposizione al calore o a sostanze chimiche tossiche, condizioni antigieniche, straordinari forzati illegali e non pagati, abusi da parte dei dirigenti. I lavoratori si sentono intimiditi e sotto costante minaccia di licenziamento o trasferimento: quando gli operai serbi chiedono perché durante la calda estate non c’è aria condizionata, perché l’accesso all’acqua potabile è limitato, perché sono costretti a lavorare di nuovo il sabato, la risposta minacciosa è sempre la stessa: «Quella è la porta».

    Fabbrica tessile ucraina

    Fabbrica tessile ucraina

    Le griffe alla moda delocalizzano nei Paesi dell’Est e Sud-Est Europa perché questi paesi rappresentano veri e propri paradisi per i bassi salari. Molti degli 1,7 milioni di lavoratori e lavoratrici di queste regioni vivono in povertà, affrontano condizioni di lavoro pericolose, tra cui straordinari forzati, e si trovano in una situazione di indebitamento significativo. «Ci pare evidente che i marchi internazionali stiano approfittando in maniera sostanziosa di un sistema foraggiato da bassi salari e importanti incentivi governativi», dichiara Deborah Lucchetti, portavoce della Campagna Abiti Puliti. »In Serbia, ad esempio, oltre ad ingenti sovvenzioni, le imprese estere ricevono aiuti indiretti come esenzione fiscale fino a dieci anni, terreni a titolo quasi gratuito, infrastrutture e servizi. E nelle zone franche sono pure esentate dal pagamento delle utenze. Mentre i lavoratori fanno fatica a pagare le bollette della luce e dell’acqua, in continuo vertiginoso aumento», continua Deborah Lucchetti.
    https://www.avvenire.it/attualita/pag...r-i-grandi-marchi-dell-abboigliamento
    Voting 0
  3. “after turning the Balkans into a recruiting center for ISIS/Daesh during the Syria war, now the Americans are turning Albania into a jihad 2.0 state.”

    So what is developing is “the same historical mistake as made by the Albanians of Kosovo, who have 100% linked their future with Camp Bondsteel and would will be instantly re-invaded by Serbia in case NATO or the US leave (which they will, sooner or later, inevitably).

    Meanwhile, the European Union and the Americans, who want to de-radicalize the Wahhabi Muslims of Europe, keep mum about the Iranian jihadis.”

    The “Invisible” Enemy

    So the key piece of the puzzle is the configuration of Albania as the center of Jihad 2.0 — against the Slavs in Macedonia, against Tehran, and also against Ankara. No wonder the chief adviser of the Albanian government, until a few months ago, was a certain Tony Blair.

    But then there is the “invisible” enemy that really matters.
    https://sputniknews.com/columnists/20...54159721-jihad-balkans-next-nightmare
    Voting 0
  4. Many of the leading policy-makers of the dual monarchy hoped and believed that decisive action against their unruly South Slav neighbour would reinvigorate the Habsburg Empire and restore it to its rightful place as one of the foremost of the European great powers.

    In reality, the declaration was a precondition for the Empire’s ultimate collapse and dissolution. It would have no less dramatic consequences for the rest of Europe. It is this divergence between misplaced hope and actual outcome that is at the crux of why July 28 matters.

    That Austria-Hungary should have wanted to tame Serbia in the summer of 1914 was hardly a secret. Ever since the pro-Russian Karađorđević dynasty had acceded to the Serbian throne in a bloody coup a decade earlier, Serbia had been a thorn in Austria’s side. It fomented dissent within the Empire, promoted separatism in Austria’s Slav-populated southern provinces and generally undermined the prestige of the Habsburg Empire in the Balkans.
    https://theconversation.com/world-war...onversationedu+%28The+Conversation%29
    Voting 0
  5. Se dovessimo fare due più due l’analogia con l’attuale situazione europea è molto forte: sia nella Jugoslavia di ieri che nell’Unione Europea di oggi il collante ideologico era praticamente morto e sepolto (il comunismo titino e l’europeismo democratico), l’emigrazione era tornata ad essere uno sbocco per un numero impressionante di disoccupati delle repubbliche più tramortite dalla crisi, ma soprattutto da ogni parte ci si sentì paralizzati ed affossati dallo Stato centrale jugoslavo, furono quindi frequenti le manifestazioni di insofferenza 1 » . Le misure attuate per saldare i ‘debiti’ con l’Occidente a poco a poco erosero risorse allo stato centrale e contribuirono a smantellare lo stato sociale (Bianchini, 2012, pp.311-318). Intanto la Jugoslavia ricorse agli ‘aiuti’ del FMI e proprio con tale organismo si indebitò pesantemente; oltre a ciò utilizzò gli ultimi ‘aiuti’ provenienti da quest’organizzazione per attuare ‘riforme economiche’ volte a far calare l’inflazione, privatizzare i mezzi di produzione e liberalizzare i mercati (Marcon, 2000, p.77). Ovviamente il malcontento delle repubbliche federate aumentò a dismisura: con l’avvento degli anni ’90 in pratica da un lato era crollata la fiducia nel socialismo jugoslavo e al contempo le forze nazionaliste divennero le principali formazioni politiche, questo fece sì che tutte le formazioni, per lo più riformiste, legate ad un ottica multietnica perdessero ovunque consensi.
    http://www.eurasia-rivista.org/perche...-fare-la-fine-dellex-jugoslavia/20684
    Voting 0
  6. n Serbia, the health system is publicly financed from obligatory health insurance. It promises universal medical coverage for everyone.

    However, for many reasons, some physicians take bribes from patients before or after they provide services covered by law. Because there is no alternative, most people are afraid to report corruption, fearing that doctors might deny services.

    As a result, there is a widespread perception among citizens that all doctors in Serbia are corrupt.
    Serbia on the move

    Three years ago, a group of Serbian physicians and citizens started to deal with this issue and we created Serbia on the move.

    We launched our first campaign “I am not on the take, I work for a salary,” to encourage those doctors who are not corrupt to stand up for the dignity of their profession.

    Around 70 percent of doctors stated that they are not corrupt and wear a button saying that they do not take bribes.
    http://europeandcis.undp.org/blog/201...n-in-the-health-sector/#comment-33654
    Tags: , , , by M. Fioretti (2013-05-13)
    Voting 0
  7. Blocco per gli stabilimenti Fiat in Europa a causa della mancanza delle forniture da parte della Selmat che sta creando "gravissimi danni al gruppo". Lo annuncia una nota del Lingotto, che sottolinea come anche stamattina l'impianto di Officine Maserati di Grugliasco abbia dovuto sospendere la produzione, come era già accaduto venerdì scorso, a causa della mancanza delle forniture, cioè pezzi in plastica per gli interni, da parte del gruppo Selmat, in grave crisi finanziaria e già interessato dalla cassa integrazione per i propri dipendenti
    http://www.repubblica.it/economia/fin...li_stabilimenti_europei-58695354/?rss
    Tags: , , , , by M. Fioretti (2013-05-13)
    Voting 0
  8. Si è conclusa la trattativa per la normalizzazione dei rapporti nell'area balcanica. L'intesa è arrivata dopo mesi e dieci round di negoziazioni. Belgrado darà una risposta definitiva lunedì mattina, direttamente a Catherine Ashton. Il premier kosovaro: "Garantita sovranità e integrità territoriale"
    http://www.repubblica.it/esteri/2013/...9/news/accordo_serbia_kosovo-57029604
    Tags: , , , , by M. Fioretti (2013-04-22)
    Voting 0

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